ENGR338 Digital Electronics Laboratory
Lab 7  Using Buses in ElectricVLSI

1. Be able to build a ring oscillator use buses.
2. Be able to build multi-bit gates in ElectricVLSI.

Lab Tasks:

Task 1: Build and simulate a Ring oscillator. (20 points)

Duplicate the tall inverter cell you created in Lab 4, rename it as 'Inverter_short'. Move the vdd/gnd rails closer to the MOSFETs. Then run DRC/NCC before moving forward.

Create a new schematic view 'Ring_Oscillator'. Drag 'Inverter_short' icon to the view.

Select the icon by left clicking it and press 'F6' to open the Array setup window. The number '-6' means the inverters are being set apart. This setup creates 11 inverters in a row.

Connect them as a ring. I named the net at the very right hand side as 'osc_out' for LTSpice probing. You can pick up any node inside the ring for display.

Next, let's build this in a different way (use data buses). Again, create a new schematic view 'Ring_Oscillator_Bus'.
Select the inverter, press Ctrl + i to name it as 'inverter[0:10]'. This will create 11 inverters in parallel virtually. It still shows a single one in the view but there are 11 ones being created in the netlist. [0], [1], [2], ...... [10].

Use the bus to connect the inverter to an input pin and an output pin. Export the input pin as 'osc_out,out[0:9]' and the output pin as 'out[0:9],osc_out'.

The input pin and the outpin are named as above is because in a ring oscillator, the output of a inverter is shorted to the input of the next inverter. The following diagram shows the input/output connections of each inverter in this array.

If the schematic is DRC clean, use the same Spice code to run the simulation. It shows the same results as the previous one.

Next, the layout. Use buses is not an option in the layout view. Please explain why in your report.

Drag the 'Inverter_Short' to the new layout view.

Make an array out of it.

Connect them in as a ring. Use Metal 1 to Metal 2 via at the left and the right side of the row and then use Metal 2 to close the loop. DRC it before you export the pins for LVS.

You must export all the 'out[0] - out[9]' ports to pass the LVS.

Show the internal circuit of the inverter:

Task 2: Design an 8-bit AND gate.
(20 points)

I re-used the parts of the schematic/icon of the NAND gate for the AND gate. Run DRC check before moving forward.

Next, create an 8-bit AND gate. This AND gate should be able to do a bit-wise AND logic for two 8-bit binary numbers.

Create a new schematic view and name it as AND[0:7].

Connect the input/output to the pins and export the pins as A[0:7], B[0:7], and AandB[0:7].

Make an icon view out of it.

Create a new schematic view to run the simulation.

To connect a wire to the bus, you need a bus node for each wire node.

Don't forget to name the arcs (ctrl + i) of the subwires and the bus:

Then, make all the connections and run the simulation. The simulation results are correct. In the simulation results below, the nV (nano volts) can be treated as 0V.

Now, change A[0:7] to gnd to check if the output will be all zeros.

Build the layout of the AND gate.

Combine them and make the 8-bit AND gate.

Try to form the 8-bit input for A[0:7], B[0:7], AandB[0:7].

Declare all the exports and run DRC and NCC.

Task 3: Design an 8-bit OR gate.
(20 points)

Run a quick simulation before moving forward.

The simulation works so you can comfortably move forward with the layout.

Next, extend it to an 8-bit OR gate.

The schematic:

Make an icon view out of it:

Run a quick simulation to demonstrate the logic.

Next, the layout.

Task 4: Design an 8-bit NAND gate.
(20 points)

The schematic and the icon.

Run a quick simulation to demonstrate the logic.

The layout:

Task 5: Design an 8-bit NOR gate.
(10 points)

The schematic and the icon:

Run a quick simulation to demonstrate the logic.

The layout:

Lab reports grading rubric:

Task 1: 20 points.
Task 2: 20 points.
Task 3: 20 points.
Task 4: 20 points.
Task 5: 10 points.
Writing/formatting: 10 pionts.

---------------------------------This is the end of the lab